Five Nutritional Elements Your Pet Gets from High-Quality Dog Food

Pets are part of the family and more often than not, are spoiled with unhealthy treats simply because they are so adorable when they beg for treats. Yet, when it comes to the dietary needs of pets, it is best to stay clear from food that comes from the plate or treats that are not specifically made for dogs. The dietary requirements of humans and dogs differ. As explained in detail in “Canine Digestion vs. Human Digestion. What’s the Difference” published at PawCastle, dogs have shorter digestive tracts and are thus unable to consume many of the foods that humans eat.

Preparing a bowl of cooked chicken and rice, or gravy covered meat for your pet is thus not the best way to provide your animal with its nutritional needs. Quality and scientifically formulated dry or wet dog food contains the nutritional elements needed for good health. If you wish to add to the diet, rather do so with supplements approved by your vet. For special occasions, give your pets wholesome treats that are formulated for dogs, rather than risking their health with treats which may cause obesity, allergic reactions, or digestive problems.

The nutritional elements your animal needs are briefly discussed below.


Perhaps the most important of all the ingredients to be found in dog food is protein. It is made up of various amino acids. As explained in “The Power of Protein” published at the vet authored website of PetMD, dogs are only able to produce part of the required amino acids in their bodies. The rest must be derived from their diets. Deficiency in these amino acids can lead to weakening of the body, digestive imbalances, and poor muscle development. Protein is essential to ensure that the animal gets the amino acids needed for growth, energy, muscle strength and maintenance, reproduction, and tissue repair.


Small amounts of fats provide for energy. Bark, the dog culture magazine’s article “Omega-3 A Fatty Acid: Essential for Health” published in September 2016 explains the role and need for fatty acids in the canine diet. According to the publication, fatty acids, which are special kinds of fats, help in the regulation of the inflammatory response of the animal. Fatty acids furthermore help to ensure a healthy skin and coat. Dogs cannot produce omega-3 fatty acids in their bodies and therefore require it in their diets. Omega-6 fatty acids are also important, so having the correct ratio of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids is essential for the health of your pet. It is thus best to look for dog food that is scientifically formulated to include the above fatty acids in the correct ratio.

The inclusion of the fatty acids in your pet’s diet has been said to hold various benefits, including assistance in protection against inflammatory conditions and autoimmune diseases. It has also been noted for benefits such as the slowing of yeast infections, lowering of cholesterol in the blood, and prevention of obesity (if in the correct ratio).


Vitamins, such as C, D, and E, are needed in small amounts for certain chemical processes in the animal’s cells. Vitamin E, for instance, is immune supportive to help sustain good health, while vitamin D helps with the absorption of phosphorus and calcium. Vitamin C is an antioxidant. It also improves white blood cell function, thereby helping the animal to fight off diseases, and is important for skin health. As such, every vitamin in our premium-quality dog food is selected with a specific purpose, and we ensure that the correct amount according to the size and life stage of the dog is included.


The minerals in our dog food are included to help prevent deficiencies. The correct level of each type needed is ensured. Jereme Courchaine explains in the article “5 Trace Minerals Your Dog Needs in His Diet”, as published in the DogsNaturally magazine (online), that zinc, iodine, and selenium are, for instance, trace minerals. So, your pet requires only minute amounts of such. Minerals such as calcium and phosphorus are needed in larger amounts, so you will see a higher level of these minerals in our dog food. The inclusion of minerals is important, as it helps the body to perform various important functions.


Carbohydrates provide energy. They also provide fibre, which is essential for the workings of the intestinal tract. However, the ratio of protein to carbohydrates is important. Dog food consisting mostly of carbohydrates and very little protein is not sufficient to meet the nutritional needs of your pets. Your pets use the carbohydrates as sources for glucose, which provide energy. Carbohydrates can also form building blocks for the other nutritional elements in the diet.

Consult with your veterinarian about your pet’s health and special dietary requirements. Start with a nutritionally balanced diet. Help your pet to sustain good health by buying high-quality dog food, such as our ranges available from Montego Pet Nutrition.



Bark. September 2016. “Omega-3 A Fatty Acid: Essential for Health.” Web accessed April 2018.

Courchaine, J. “5 Trace Minerals Your Dog Needs in His Diet.” DogsNaturally. Web accessed April 2018.

PawCastle. “Canine Digestion vs. Human Digestion. What’s the Difference?” Web accessed April 2018.

PetMD. “The Power of Protein.” Web accessed April 2018.



Back to Articles